It was during the Bronze Age, as civilization called the “Minoan” flourished across the Mediterranean island of Crete. Crete is located near the coast of Africa, Asia, and the Greek continent and because of this fact alone, many prosperous ancient civilizations needed to pass through when embarking on their trading routes, and as a result, the civilization developed a massive level of wealth starting in 2000 BC.
The jewelry of the time featured intense gold workings and high static value that spread over to Cyclades, Peloponnesus and other Greek islands, as well as the mainland. Thanks to the influence of the Minoan civilization, the Mycenaean art flourished in the 14th century.
Some of the techniques used during this era are included in granulation and filigree. The most widely used technique was cutting and stamping of gold sheets and convert these into beads and other designs to create diadems and necklaces as well as other ornaments designed to decorate clothing.
The kings of the time wore masks made from gold sheets, as well as other scattering of gold across the clothing in the form of gold discs. These discs revealed a rich tradition of decorative motifs used at the time, particularly the rectangular ribbon shaped combinations of stylized polyps, flowers and volutes.
One of the biggest discoveries from that era was a pendant and found that the tomb of Mallia based in Crete, which was in arguably one of the most perfect masterpieces of jewellery discovered from the 17th century.
It featured the sun is as a disk which was covered with granulation and held up by two bees, forming a part of a composition. The ring bezels featured relief engravings created from highly animated pastoral scenes, hunting, cults, and even wars.
Just like other jewelry from that period, the ornamental motifs of the necklaces featured things like pomegranates, half moons facing each other, hands squeezing a woman’s breast, and lotus flowers.
During this period, the earrings appeared to resemble the heads of bulls and other animals typically represented during that period.
Interestingly, as well as the gold workings of the period, the Minoan-Mycenaean craftsmen were known for their engravings of precious gemstones for seals and rings throughout Europe.