It was thanks to the discovery of the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamen, that revealed the fabulous treasures that the ancient Egyptians reveled themselves in. This particular individual was known for his fondness of jewelry during his lifetime as well as after his death and he utilized a mastery of highly skilled Egyptian goldsmiths.
These treasures are now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and probably represent the biggest collection of gold and other types of jewelry the world has ever seen.
The pharaoh’s coffin was made entirely from gold and the mummy itself was covered with various jewels. Gold modules were found in boxes in cases left around the rooms in the tomb. These included necklaces, amulets, pendants, earrings, bracelets, and rings all of which were created from a superior quality and a high degree of refinement that is rarely surpassed even today.
They featured iconographic and chromatic elements which were found still to be uncontaminated despite their contact with civilizations. They featured magnificent, solid infusions enriched by magical religious beliefs. The ornamentation is largely made from symbols with precise names and meanings which are manifested as expressions closely linked to the symbology of hieroglyphic writing.
These included the scarab, isis knot, lotus flower, serpent, falk and, and spinks which were all linked to religious cults that involved pharos and ancient gods.
Ancient Egyptian jewelry featured a lot of gold that was complemented by the use of three colors:
- Lpis lazuli
There was also a fairly limited repertoire of motifs in all Egyptian jewelry, and the craftsmen who created these also made a wide variety of compositions that were based on symmetry and rhythmic repetitions of colors and shapes.
The principle of symmetry was evident on a small pectoral pendant that belonged to Sesostris III. The rhythmic composition in the design featured turquoise, carnelian, and lapis lazuli inlays, and the gold functioned as a separator for these materials. A triumphant pharaoh is depicted by two lions with the plumed heads of falcons in a perfectly symmetrical position depicting a scene which resembles trampling and conquering the Libyans and Nubians.
Of all the diadems made by Egyptian artists, one of the earliest discoveries was found in a tomb dating all the way back to the fourth Dynasty. It featured a gold band supported by another band made from copper, and three decorative designs were applied. The middle was a disk worked with embossing in the form of four lotus buds arranged in a radial pattern.
To the sides, there were two papyrus flowers that were conjoined at the base by a disk.
The Flora symbol animal symbology clearly depicted a style that interpreted characters and themes that resonated with the times.