Islamic JewelryPosted on: 11/01/2017, by : email@example.com
After the Arab conquest of Iran, the Islamic civilization was introduced to rings, earrings, pendants, and necklaces made from gold. The traditional Iranian art of animal depiction continued, however this was modified to try and conform with the tenets of Islam, which made it illegal to depict images of living creatures.
A recently discovered 12th century gold pendant that depicts a lion can be seen decorated with granulation.
Other common techniques of the time included filigree, and the encrustment of precious and semiprecious stones using niello.
In the 14th century onwards, the recently discovered manuscript illustrations give clues to the kind of jewelry that was commonly worn by Persians.
During the Mongol and Timurid times, coiffures made from jewels were adorned by men and this was seen to be the fashion of the day in high society.
During the Safavid rule, jewelry became more from buoyant and elaborate. In the 19th century, local traditions that were corrupted by European influence were still used by the Zinjanab and Kurdish communities in the north-west Iran.
It wasn’t unusual to see silver decorations twisted wires and scrolls. Kurdish goldsmiths also handled silver and decorated using repousse designs, sometimes resembling works found in metalwork during the Sasaian period.
It is thought that jewelry worn by both men and women during the Ottoman Empire was influenced by Iranians fashions.
Typical objects of adornment were featured in turbans, necklaces, armlets, earrings, and rings. The technique of entrusting jade and other hard stones with jewels attached to the surface by floral scrolls in gold were popular in Turkey from the 16th century onwards.
In North Africa, their traditions were largely in line with Berber and Arab tribes. Jewelry, particularly in southern Morocco seems to depict various versions of Byzantine jewelry that featured heavy silver plaques that were decorated with niello and cabochons, that served as diadems and headbands.
In other areas of Morocco and Algeria and even Tunisia to a certain extent, headbands, breast ornaments, pendants and brooches featured in triangular shaped shawl pins.